Role of digital education in bridging India

Role of Digital Education in Bridging India

Introduction:

Learning has become very important in today’s digital age. Digital learning simplifies the learning process in today’s world.

The main objective of digital learning is to make education accessible to those students who cannot reach school to get education. Students can get education anytime, from anywhere.

Through digital learning students can connect with their teacher. It also make learning easier, more accessible and interesting.

With the help of digital platforms, students can attend their classes and complete their studies from their home otherwise they are forced to stop study and do the house hold works or labourer work.

Importance of Digital Education in India

Importance of Digital Education in India


Digital literacy impacts our society in many ways. Some of the importance of digital education in India are as follows:

  • Digital education breaks the age barrier of getting education. Through this any person can study throughout his life.
  • Digital literacy reduces the gap in education. It gives an opportunity to study to those who cannot leave their homes. It allows students to learn from wherever they want.
  • Studying no longer requires physical infrastructure. That is why the prices of text books, classes, transportation etc. have come down.
  • Digital literacy enhances technology efficiency. It gives knowledge of internet platforms and internet related education.
  • With digital education, students can learn at their own convenience and pace. Students are allowed to choose when and where they study.
  • In digital education, resources and educational materials are available anytime, anywhere. This makes education accessible to students, no matter where they live.
  • Digital education makes it possible to continue learning throughout life. For students, education is not limited to the traditional classroom environment.
  • They can access webinars and online courses to improve their knowledge and skills regrading internet use.
  • Digital education includes interactive multimedia elements. These include movies, animations and quizzes. As a result, learning occurs more efficiently and effectively for students.

Advantages of Digital Education in India

Advantages of Digital Education in India

Many of its benefits have been reported in India. Some of which are given below.

Comprehensive range:

Using digital devices, satellites, Internet and digital education can be delivered to remote locations. This guarantees that all areas of the country have access to high quality education.

Flexibility:  

Study hours can be adjusted with digital education. It helps students to manage time between their education and other work. This flexibility reduces dropout rates due to family functions or economic activities.

Economic:  

The availability of high quality education has been transformed by digital education. This has reduced the cost of education and increased access for all, even children from low-income families.

Variety of Courses:

There are many different courses available on different topics in digital education. Students can choose classes that best suit their interests and pursue careers they are passionate about.

Personalized and Interactive Learning:

With the use of animation, digital learning provides a personalized and interactive learning environment. Students can participate in one-on-one question-and-answer sessions and engaging lessons. It meets their specific needs and enables them to realize their greatest potential.

Challenges in Digital Education:

Challenges in Digital Education

Although India has come a long way in digital education, but when we talk about its achievements, there are some things which need improvement.

Digital education in India certainly has many benefits, but we cannot ignore the difficulties presented by this new education system. Following are some of the challenges that India’s digital education system is facing.

Digital Disparity:

  • Digital education is all about internet, technology and gadgets. But it is not accessible to most of the population.
  • About 69% of the population in India lives in rural areas which do not have access to internet.
  • Despite living in urban areas, people are not aware of technology and do not have access to the gadgets required for digital learning.
  • One percent of the country’s population is still without regular connectivity to high-speed internet services.
  • The main obstacle to education or digital education in India is the digital divide that exists between the rich and the poor and between the urban and rural areas of the country.

Insufficient Training and Interaction:

To know about digital technologies or digital education, one must be trained according to the technology used.

When most professors do not have the necessary training to effectively instruct students on digital platforms, they often run into problems during class.

This not only affects the pattern of students but also hinders the enjoyable learning environment.

Barriers to education:

Most of the content on internet sites is either in Hindi or English. And the linguistic diversity in India is huge.

The country has 22 main languages along with many other important languages and this makes it quite challenging.

School children, who feel more comfortable in their mother tongue or native language, are the ones who suffer the most.

Health-related issues:

Digital learning requires long periods of screen time, which causes excessive eye strain. This condition increases the risk of vision problems.

There are also additional problems, such as headaches and bad posture that cause back and neck pain.

How to improve digital learning:

How to improve digital learning

For the growth of education it need to update the system and improve the digital learning process. there are some ways to improve the digital learning system:

Efforts to reduce digital gap:

Breaking down barriers in different ways or addressing the digital divide by affordable device provision, improved internet access and provision of technical support & training is important which must ensure that no child is left behind.

Through different state and central government programme:

To educate people about digital usage and digital education, the government has launched various programs such as:

SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds), National Digital Library (NDL), e-Pathshala, DIKSHA, National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER), Virtual Labs, Pragyaata. etc.

Improve teacher training method:

Teachers should receive basic training on digital education methods to realize their full potential and educate student in a righty way.

Accepting new methods of education

The exploration of innovative educational strategies to suit a variety of learning styles has become possible through online learning. Students’ learning can be improved and sustained through the use of virtual labs, gamification, multimedia resources and interactive content.

Adaptability and customization

The ability to tailor learning experiences is a unique benefit of online education. Institutions can create individual programs that are flexible and meet each individual’s interests and preferences.

Plus, students can choose the method that best suits their needs with the hybrid learning model that combines traditional classroom instruction with online learning.

Different aid and programs.

Governments, educational institutions and organizations must work together to eliminate the digital divide to guarantee that no child is left behind. Affordable equipment provision, improved Internet access, and provision of technical assistance and training should all be priorities.

Financial aid and scholarship programs can also be extremely important in enabling disadvantaged students to enroll in online courses.

Conclusion:

Through digital education or STEM education, India’s education system can be radically transformed, this will also help the country become a knowledge economy.

There is an urgent need to stick to the fundamentals and keep pace with the rapidly changing digital education technology. We can improve the Internet infrastructure by working together with readily available and reasonably priced tools.

Breaking Barriers Celebrating Women Pioneers in Various Fields

Breaking Barriers: Celebrating Indian Women Pioneers in Various Fields

Women play an important role in developing society. They had made great contributions in various fields like science, technology, politics, etc. but they faced many obstacles in their way. STEM education help to get advance education and to become more effective and successful in their lives.

Women’s economic involvement and advancement are hampered by many things. Several major issues including structural inequality, discriminatory laws and policies, limited access to resources and finance, unequal wages and gender-based violence.

Among other notable achievements, women have broken boundaries in the corporate sector. Women’s achievements should be celebrated and acknowledged for more than just their prior successes.

To remind us of the work done by women and their role as strong pillars of the country, we need to appreciate their work. For this reason, we celebrate women’s achievements and accomplishments worldwide.

Here we are celebrating women pioneers in various fields and going to talk about some of the women who break their barriers and become an example for the world.

Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule was the very first female teacher in the country. Alongside her spouse, Jyotirao Phule, she made a noteworthy impact on the advancement of women’s empowerment. In Pune, in 1848, Savitribai and her husband established Bhide Wada, one of the earliest modern Indian schools for girls.

She was the very first female teacher in the country. Alongside her spouse, Jyotirao Phule, she made a noteworthy impact on the advancement of women’s empowerment. In Pune in 1848, Savitribai and her husband established Bhide Wada, one of the first modern Indian girls’ schools.

Kamala Sohonie

In 1939, Kamala Sohonie became the first female scientist in India. From her community to be awarded a PhD in a scientific field in 1939. She is the first female Indian PhD recipient in a scientific discipline. Kamala Sohonie cleared the path for women when she admitted in Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru. She worked there and was given admission for the first time in its history

Kamala Sohanie was awarded the Rashtrapati Award because of her studies on Neera, a palm extract that has the potential to alleviate malnourishment in children from India’s tribal areas. 

Leila Seth

Justice Leila Seth is a visionary not only in her approach to the law but in all aspects of social justice. Leila Seth was the first woman to top the bar exam in England. She became the first judge in the Delhi High Court and the first female chief justice of the state high court in Himachal Pradesh.

Leila Seth was the first woman to score the bar exam in England and Wales in 1957, the first woman judge on the Delhi High Court and the first woman Chief Justice of a State High Court (Himachal Pradesh).

Janaki Ammal

Indian botanist Janaki Ammal studied photography, cytogenetics, and plant breeding. She was a botanist from India. She was very interested in medicinal and commercially lucrative plants found in Kerala.

She received the Padma Shri in 1977. Her most well-known research included experiments on eggplant and sugarcane. She co-authored the Chromosome Atlas of Cultivated Plants (1945) with C.D.

Nirmala Sitharaman

Since 2019, Nirmala Sitharaman has served as the Indian government’s Minister of Finance and Minister of Corporate Affairs. She is a prominent figure in Indian politics as well as an economist from India. She holds the distinction of being the first Indian woman to be listed among the world’s most powerful women by Forbes.

Nirmala Sitharaman is the nation’s second-most important portfolio holder after Indira Gandhi and the first woman to serve as finance minister full-time in history. Her appointment signifies a change in the traditionally male-dominated world’s view of gender roles. Nirmala Sitharaman was born in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, on August 18, 1959. She started out doing a lot of international cinema work before entering politics.

Ayyalasomayajula Lalitha

Ayyalasomayajula Lalitha was born into a Telugu-speaking family in Madras on August 27, 1919. She became India’s first female engineer. She is the perfect example of what you can achieve if you get an education. Miss Lalitha had to face many barriers to getting her education. 

Ayyalasomayajula Lalitha got married at a very young age and became the mother of a daughter. After her husband’s death, her father helped her complete her intermediate and further studies.

The only Indian woman engineer to attend the first International Conference of Women Engineers and Scientists (ICWES) in New York in 1926 was Lalitha.

 Sushma Swaraj

On February 14, 1952, Sushma Swaraj was born in Ambala, Haryana. In 2020, she received the Padma Vibhushan Award. Born in a middle-class family, Sushma Swaraj studied at Punjab University to pursue a law degree.

At the age of 25, she was appointed as the youngest Cabinet Minister of the Haryana government. At the young age of 27, she was elected State President of the Janata Party in Haryana State in 1979.
Sushma Swaraj was the first female spokesperson for a national political party in India. 

She was elected to the Haryana state legislature and became the state government’s minister of labour and employment from 1977 to 1979 and of education, food, and civil supplies from 1987 to 1990.

Read Also>>> Success Stories: Indian Women Who Broke Educational Barriers

Conclusion:

Education helps in reducing child labour so that they can concentrate on their studies and also divert their attention from bad habits like drug addiction. If the base is strong then the pillar will be strong. To promote more inclusive and equitable future for all requires providing regular opportunities, mentorship, and support .

Women can overcome barriers and succeed in their professions with the aid of mentoring programs, particularly those in which women mentor other women. Along with aggressively seeking to attract, retain, and promote women, organizations should offer more conferences, training, and mentorship programs for staff growth. A positive impact created by women in leadership roles encourages additional women to aspire to higher levels of education and the workforce.

How Can Donations Help To Support Girl’s Education

How can donations help to support girl’s education?

What is Donation? How does it work?

Donation is the aid or support given willingly to those who are a victim or is in need. It serves on the basis of humanitarian grounds. Charity can not be used for personal profit. It must be used to fulfil the objectives for which the donation has been made. It aims to reduce poverty and advance art , culture, education and science.

What is donation for girl child education?

Education is important for everyone, whether they are boys or girls. Education makes one think and make decisions in the right way, become successful, and set an example for everyone. In developing countries, the education ratio among girls is very poor. The situation is that girls can not even attend school regularly or pursue their education.

Donations for girls’ education help to improve the positive environment for girls to get a hindrance-free education. The donation for girls’ education aims to give them a quality education like STEM education. Organizations that work to increase young women’s and girls’ access to education, especially in local communities and areas where girls face barriers to education.

These donations for girls’ education generally aim to increase children’s time spent in school, providing them with infrastructure, quality education, a safe environment, the basic relationships required for girls, tutoring from outside, etc. 

Importance of donation for girls’ education?

Education is an essential and imperative tool for girls to make them realize their maximum potential by getting educated and developing crucial skills that show them the path to social and economic empowerment. Donations support the education of Indian girls, especially those who come from marginalized communities.

Despite all government schemes and initiatives, gender inequality is still a major issue for girls getting an education, especially in rural areas. Donations help in many ways to improve the education of female children.

Expanding educational opportunities :-

Providing financial aid to girls’ education will cover school fees, books, and other educational materials to expand females’ access to education.


Girls with greater education are likely to have higher-paying jobs, which may help bring families out of poverty. Women with higher education also support the nation’s economy by working and paying taxes, which can boost the economy as a whole.

Supplying instructional materials 

For girls who may not have the opportunity to have educational resources, charities offer educational assets, including books, school materials, and uniforms. This makes it possible for females to get the support they need to excel in the classroom.

Training and assistance for teachers

To bring girls forward in society, it is very important to give a good education to them. Through donations, teachers can get training and support to give quality education and create a more positive and friendly school environment for girls. So that girls can realize their potential and receive a high-quality education.

Development of leadership and mentoring: 

Donations help to assist girls in gaining confidence, developing their leadership abilities, and pursuing their objectives, It offers mentorship and leadership development programs to empower girls, which enables them to succeed in the classroom and life.

Promoting and increasing awareness

Charities promote laws and initiatives that encourage girl’s access to education and increase the public’s awareness of the importance of education for women. It raises the possibility that girls will enrol in and finish school and also encourages the development of a more encouraging atmosphere for their education.

Brings better economic results

By educating girls we can make a better and economically stronger society. Girls with more education have a greater chance of earning more money, which can help bring families out of poverty. By working and paying taxes, educated women also support the nation’s economy and may also boost economic growth.

Women empowerment

Empowering women is important for gender inequality and the growth of society. Donations help to educate girls, which puts them in a safer place in society.
Girl who get education become more confident in their choices and make good decisions about their lives by actively participating in society.

Conclusion : 

By helping girls through donating , help them to receive an education is removing the barriers to education that they suffer.

The lives of underprivileged children in India can be significantly improved by donating to their education and helping them succeed in their lives.  

Promoting STEM Education for Girls in India

Introduction:-

STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Since technology is advancing so rapidly, there is a need for a strong foundation of STEM education in India.

The first STEM function was initiated by the ‘US National Science Foundation’ in 2001. Generally, we see very little involvement of girls in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), which is a matter of concern.

In today’s education world, it’s very important to make advancements to promote girls’ education through STEM. STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education is very important for economic growth, scientific research, and development. It helps a country to become more powerful and successful.

The strong emphasis on STEM education is essential for global competitiveness, fostering challenges, and helping to solve complex challenges.

STEM is vital in scientific programs, healthcare and biotechnology, economic development, energy production, environmental conservation, infrastructure development, artificial intelligence, and data science. According to the article, India is one of those countries that has the most doctors and engineers.

STEM is a section of study that is very important for the growth of the country. There is some data given related to girls’ participation in STEM education.

  • According to the evaluated report GGI (Global Gender Gap) 2023 with 146 countries, the total female workforce is 29.2%.
  • According to the National Science Foundation, the percentage of females graduating through STEM is 43%, which is higher all over the world. However, the percentage of females participating in the STEM work area is only 14%.
  • In India, the problem is not that females are not getting an education; the problem is that girls do not participate in work even though they have completed their education through STEM.
  • As science and technology contribute significantly to the economic sector, they can play an important role in increasing the participation of women in STEM in society by ensuring gender-neutral pay.

Challenges Faced by Girls in STEM in India

Social Inequality:

Girls are still seen with such little regard in our society. Girls are not permitted to pursue studies in STEM fields. They claim that these streams are only for men.

Household Chores:

Girls are under too much pressure in our society to take care of the home and take care of their little siblings. Instead of spending enough time for study, they spend a lot of time on household tasks.

Financial Reason:

Families don’t want to pay a huge amount for a girl’s education. So that they offer them to study through the arts or any other languages.

Early marriage or marriage pressure:

The family puts pressure on girls to get married at an early age. Or to first do the marriage and education in marriage, then complete their education. Because of that, they can’t pursue their education. Somehow, they complete their education, but they don’t get permission to do the job.

Gender Gap:

The gender gap is also one of the reasons why girls are facing problems in STEM education. According to World Bank data, in India, despite having a higher proportion of girls having graduated in STEM, the women’s share of the STEM workforce is less than one-third of the STEM workforce.

Strategies for Promoting STEM Education for Girls

To improve girls’ participation in STEM education, the government and different organizations have taken many initiatives. Some of them are given below:

The CURIE Scheme:

  • The CURIE (Consolidation of University Research for Innovation and Excellence) was introduced in 2008–2009.
  • This CURIE scheme was introduced by DST (Department of Science and Technology) under the KIRAN scheme.
  • This scheme provides support to women’s institutions to establish state-of-the-art research infrastructure so that they can enhance research facilities and improve R&D activities.

Vigyan Jyoti Scheme:

This scheme, the Vigyan Jyoti Scheme, aims to address the degradation of women in different fields of STEM.

  • Initially, a scheme was introduced at the school level for classes 9–12 to encourage meritorious girls to pursue their higher education.
  • Later, it was introduced for the girls’ students from class 11 and up to the PHD level to encourage them to pursue their career in a STEM field. Ph.D.
  • To motivate girls, various activities like science camps, special lectures and classes, counseling of students and parents, and interaction with role models are being conducted.

The GATI Scheme:

The GATI (Gender Advancement for Transforming Institutions) program was launched by the Honourable Prime Minister of India on the occasion of National Science Day.

  • The concept of this pilot project, GHATI, was given by DST( Department of Science and Technology).
  • It was aimed at promoting gender equality in STEMM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine) by encouraging higher education institutes toward a gender-equitable and inclusive future.
  • This project was started by DST in partnership with the British Council.


WISE-KIRAN:

WISE-KIRAN (‘Women in Science and Engineering-KIRAN)
scheme was introduced by the DST (Department of Science and Technology).

  • The program was aimed at bringing gender parity to the fields of science and technology.
  • It enhances the participation of girls in S&T (science and technology) so that they can pursue their careers in STEM.
  • The WISE-KIRAN scheme addresses the different challenges faced by women in their journey toward S&T education.
  • Some programs run under this scheme area –
    • a) Fellowship for Ph.D.
    • b) Opportunity for Post-Doctoral Research
    • c) Internship for an alternative career path in STEM
    • d)Overseas Opportunities

Conclusion –

As the conclusion of STEM education, programs like GATI, Vigyan Jyoti, WISE-KIRAN, etc. are introduced to evaluate the education of girls in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics).

Apart from these schemes, schools can also make an effort to motivate STEM education for girls in India. They can provide success stories or female role models, such as female engineers, scientists, mathematicians, and technology professionals, who talk about their careers and journeys.

Govt. Schemes and Programs Supporting Girls' Education In India

Govt. Schemes and Programs Supporting Girls’ Education In India

Introduction-


For the growth of any society or country, equality is very important in the sense of education. In our past, there was a huge difference between girls’ education and boys’ education. Girls have to face many hindrances to get education.
Now the Govt. is taking many steps to improve girls’ education. They are trying to educate, empower and uplift girls by providing different sources and launching different schemes .
Here we are going to discuss different schemes which are launched by the govt to provide a path for girls to get their education.

National scheme

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

The Indian government unveiled the Beti Bachao Beti Badhao project in 2015. This initiative’s primary goal is to raise public awareness of the importance of girls’ education. Together, relevant departments and ministries, the State Government, and UTs carry it out.
It is implemented through a three-tier structure – District, State, and National level.

This Government schemes and Programs Supporting Girls’ Education in India helps to promote the education and health of the female child. So that they can contribute to societies’ development and break down the barriers to girls’ education.

Development till date:-

  • According to the SRB Index, the growth of the scheme is like this – it’s 918 from 2014-2015, and 934 from 2019 – 2020. Growth of 16 points in five years. Growth of 16 points seen in five years.
  • In 4 years, from 2014 – 2015 to 2018 – 2019, there are 422 districts covered out of 640 districts under BP in Sex Ratio Birth ( SRB).
  • The NGER ( National Growth Enrolment Ratio) of girls has also been improving in the last few years. Girls’ performance in secondary schools increased by 3.87 points, from 77.45 in 2014–2015 to 81.32 in 2018–2019.
  • The ANC (Antenatal Register) rate grew from 61% in 2014–15 to 71% in 2019–2020.
  • The number of schools with separate and functional toilets has been increased from 92.1% in 2014-2015 to 95.1% in 2018.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana

This scheme was initiated in 2015, by the Govt. to give financial aid to girls’ education. It is a small deposit scheme, which allows parents to open a saving account with a high interest rate of 7.6%.
There are some points mentioned by the govt for the opening of the Account:

  • The minimum and maximum deposits allowed in a financial year are Rs 250 and Rs 1.5 lakh respectively.
  • The girl must be younger than ten years old and have an account opened in her name.
  • Only one account can be opened in the name of a girl child.
  • The account can be opened at the post office and by authorized banks.
  • According to the policy, the money can be withdrawn or closed anytime after the female child becomes 18 years old for her education or marriage.
  • The account can be transferred anywhere in India from one branch to another.
  • In accordance with Income Tax Act section 80c, this plan also offers tax advantages.
  • After the age of 18 years the girl can manage her account herself.

Balika Samridhi Yojana

The girl child who comes from low-income families can participate in the Balika Samridhi Yojna. If they fulfils all the criteria , they will get the benefit of the scheme.

  • October 2, 1997, was the launch date of this initiative.
  • There are some details related to the yojana.
  • To open the account , the girl must be born on or after 15th Aug 1997.
  • She must belong to BPL family.
  • She Must be enrolled in school.
  • This scheme provides financial assistance to the family for a minimum of 2 girls in the family.
  • The scheme gives Rs500 on the birth of the child and Rs 300 to Rs 500 as annual scholarships from class 1st to 10th.

Till last data the coverage of beneficiaries is 12357 girl child.

CBSE Udaan Scheme 

It is one of the best girls’ schemes, which is administered by the Ministry of Education. This scholarship program is launched by the Central Board of Secondary Education to the meritorious female students who belong to economically vulnerable families in India and help them achieve their dreams.

  • This scheme is for students of class 11th and 12th from CBSE affiliated schools.
  • This scheme provides online tutorials ,study materials and video lectures.
  • It provides student helpline services to clear doubts of the students , monitor their learning .
  • Intensive face-to face session for the focused group of students to help them in preparation of JEE advance and JEE ( Mains).
  • Assessment is designed to provide effective feedback on learning.
  • Organisations also provide motivation classes.
  • virtual designated contact classes at 60 designated centers.


There are some criteria for this scheme :-

  • The girl should be an Indian citizen.
  • The students must be from a science background which includes – Math , Physics and chemistry.
  • The girl should obtain 70% marks in class 10 and 80 % marks in maths and science through the board which follows CGPA.
  • The family income should be below 6 lack per anum.
  • Any girl studying in KV/ Govt school / NV/ or any CBSE affiliated private schools.
  • The selection of the students will be completely based on merit and depends on the city chosen by the the students for the virtual classes.

State Government schemes for Girl Child

DELHI LAADLI SCHEME-

First launched on January 1st, 2008, this program. The Delhi NCT Government’s Department of Women and Children introduced it. To empower the girls who are born in Delhi, this scheme was launched.


Objectives are :-

  • To empower the female child socially & economically .
  • To improve the sex ration and control the female forticied.
  • This also helps to improve education among girls and reduce the drop out- rate of girl students.

Benefits :-

  • It provides financial assistance of Rs 11,000 if the girl child is born in a hospital and 10,000 if born at home.
  • Girl children get Rs 5000 at the time of admission into class 1st/ 6th / 9th.
  • It also provides Rs 5000 at the time of passing 10th and 12th.

Mukhyamantri Kanya Suraksha Yojana

This scheme was launched by Bihar Government. This scheme was launched by the Govt to inspire the girls toward education and give them financial help from their birth till they get their graduation.

Objective of the scheme :-

  • For girls who graduated after 2018, it provides financial aid of Rs. 25,000.
  • It provides financial assistance of Rs 2000 at the time of the girl kid’s birth and Rs 5000 when the girl child reaches adulthood after 20 years.
  • Rs 1000 for the initial immunization.
  • Rs 600 for admission in class 1st .( For uniform)
  • Rs 700 between classes 3rd to 5th .( For uniform)
  • Between the sixth and eighth standard, Rs 1000, and between the ninth and twelfth, Rs 1500.
  • It offers 10,000 at graduation and 25,000 upon completion of the program.

Maharastra Manjhi kanya Bhagyashree Scheme

This scheme was launched in 1st August 2017 by the WCD Department. In order to change the mindset of society towards girls children, Maharashtra Govt launched the scheme.

Benefits :-

  • This scheme provides Rs 50,000 for a single girl child and for two girls children 25,000 each in the name of both girls.
  • The family can withdraw the interest amount every 6 years.

Conclusion –

Through this type of scheme govt can change the societies attitude toward girls education. By these schemes govt can also control female foeticide and to improve the sex ratio.

By getting education, girls can break the barriers to their development. through education
they can achieve success in life and make their life better.

Success Stories: Indian Women Who Broke Educational Barriers.


Introduction-

India has a long history of producing outstanding and inspiring women women who have changed the nation and the world by making important contributions in a variety of professions. Women play a significant role in society. However, women have contributed to the world’s stability, growth, and long-term growth. Whether they are homemakers, engineers, teachers, or something else entirely, they use their strength, resolve, and belief to make the world a better place to live.

Savitribai Phule-

Savitri Phule is one of the greatest inspiring women of our India. She was a poet from Maharashtra, India . She has made a great contribution to our society and especially towards girl’s education. Towards society her contributions are like this:-

  • She became the first female teacher in India.
  • She set up first school for girls with his husband in india , in 1848.
  • She worked for the rights of women in India.
  • She also tried to end the unfair treatment and social class based on sex in india.
  • She had challenged the gender roles prevalent , when the British colonised India .

Fathima Beevi –

Fatima Beevi was born in Kerala and studied Law after encouraging of his father . She has created history after becoming a judge in the Supreme Court of India. In her over71 years of journey, she made such many great works :

  • She was the first female judge of the Supreme Court in India .
  • She was the first Muslim woman to be appointed to any of the higher judiciaries in the country .
  • She topped the bar Council exam and became
  • the first woman to receive a bar Council gold medal.
  • She had also worked as a district and sessions judge and a High Court judge .
  • She has also served in national Human Right Commission and governor of Tamil Nadu .

Kalpana Chawla –

Kalpana Chawla was the first Indo-American women astronaut and aerospace engineer who flew to space. In 1997, she first flew the space shuttle Columbia. There are some reasons why Kalpana Chawla is renowned:-

  • When Kalpana Chawla became the first Indian woman to fly into space in 1971, history was created.
  • As the principal robotic arm operator and mission specialist, she made her space shuttle Columbia debut.
  • Her talent and hard work have inspired young people around the world.
  • Kalpana Chawla was one of seven named after the Columbia’s crew.
  • In the name of Kalpana Chawla, the Govt of Karnataka has instituted an award named “ The Kalpana Chawla award” to recognize young women scientists.


Anandibai Joshi –


One outstanding example of Indian women’s empowerment is Anandibai Joshi. In both India and the USA, she served as an inspiration for several women who wished to become doctors. She has done some incredible work which is like these:-

  • The first female physician from India was Anandibai Joshi.
  • She was the first Hindu woman to receive a formal medical education.
  • Anandibai also became the first woman from the Bombay presidency of India, who had graduated with a two-year degree in Western medicine from a foreign country.
  • Anandiben has a rich legacy. She inspired many women with her courage to tackle all obstacles that came in the way of her education.


Kiran Mazumdar Shaw –

Kiran mazumdar is a great Indian billionaire entrepreneur. Her life and achievements inspire a lot and her story has become a great women’s empowerment story. She is the founder and executive chairperson of Biocon limited & Biocon Biologics limited, in Bangalore. She got some achievements like this :-

  • She was awarded by Padma shri (1989) and Padma Bhushan (2005).
  • She received Othmer Gold Medal and Global Economy Prize for Business ( 2014).
  • In 2016, she received the Knight of the National Order of the French Legion of Honour.
  • In 2017, she became the receiver of the AWSM award for excellence.
  • She received an EY Entrepreneur of the year India award and ICMR’s Lifetime Achievement award for Outstanding Achievement in Healthcare in 2019.
  • In 2020 , she received an Order of Australia award .

Tessy Thomas –

Tesy Thomas is an Indian scientist and Director General of Aeronautical Systems. She is the former Project Director for Agni-4 missiles in DRDO.
She has done some great work towards Science in India:-

  • Tessy Thomas, known as the ‘Missile Women’ of India.
  • Tessy Thomas is the first Indian women scientist to head a missile project in India.
  • For the long-range missile system, she designed the guidance scheme , which is used in all Agni missiles.
  • She also served as the project director of the Agni-4 and Agni-5 missiles.
  • She is an expert in solid propellant systems.

Arunima Sinha-

Arunima Sinha is a great example of courage , dedication and sacrifice . She has proven that with courage and dedication, you can do anything. Arunima Sinha is an Indian mountaineer. Arunima is the worlds first female amputee who scale 7 mountain peaks. She was deeply inspired by Youvraj Sings’ life journey, who successfully battled cancer .
Her life’s achievement’s can be seen like this:-

  • Arunima Sinha is the world’s first female amputee mountaineer who climbed 7 mountain peeks.
  • She scale Mount Everest, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kosciuszko, Aconcagua, Denali and Vinson Massif.
  • She got prestigious ‘ Padma Shri ‘ and Tenzing Norgay Highest Mountaineering Award in 2015.
  • Arunima also received her honorary doctorate from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow,UK.
  • She made it to the list of ‘People of the Year’ by Limca Book of Record and ‘ First Lady Award’ in 2016.

Radhika Menon –

When Radhika Menon was elevated to the rank of Captain in the Indian Merchant Navy, she brought pride to the nation. In addition, she has received numerous honours for her gallantry, commitment, and exceptional work.
Some of her achievements are like this:-

  • She is the 1st female captain of the Indian Merchant Navy.
  • She also leads the oil products product tanker Suvarna Swarajya.
  • She was granted the esteemed Exceptional Bravery at Sea award in 2016.
  • The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has also given her an award for managing a rescue effort that saved the lives of seven fishermen.
  • Radhika Menon has also received the Naari Shakti Award from the Honourable President.

Rukhmabai Bhosale –


Rukhnabai is a well-known person from the medical field. She has done so much for the country she sacrificed her life for the treatment of the country’s people. There are some achievements that she made while serving for the country:

  • In 1984 she received the “Doctor of Medicine award from the London School of Medicine for women.
  • She also became the first Indian woman who receive a medical degree in 1886.
  • Rukhmabai Bhosle was the second woman who received both a medical degree and practiced medicine.
  • In 1895 she was appointed as chief medical officer in India.
  • In 1918 she got the role in the women’s medical service.
  • She established the Red Cross Society at Rajkot.


Sarojini Naidu –


An outstanding political activist was Sarojini Naidu. She was a key figure in the Indian independence movement that opposed the British Raj. Sarojini Naidu fought alongside other liberation fighters against the British.
She has also had some great achievements like this:

  • Because of her poetry and the use of colour, imagery, and lyrics, Sarojini Naidu is called “ The Nightingale of India.”
  • She also titles “ Bharat Kokila by Gandhi Ji.
  • She was the first Indian woman appointed as president of the Indian National Congress.
  • After Independence, Naidu became the Governor of India.
  • The Quit India Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement have greatly benefited from Sarojini Naidu’s services.


Conclusion :


These women represent but a small portion of the numerous exceptional women in India. These women, along with countless others, have left an enduring mark on Indian history and continue to motivate future generations with their bravery, wit, and persistence.


Breaking Down Barriers to Girls’ Education

Introduction :-


All girls and young women have a human right to access high-quality education.
Based on data, the global community committed in 2015 to delivering high-quality education to every kid by 2030.

Every day, girls are facing barriers to education due to poverty, child marriage and gender-based violence, cultural norms and practices, and poor infrastructure.

The education and development of the girl child and their education can be improved by providing educational infrastructure and quality of education, transportation facilities, availability of basic facilities, scholarships and various financial assistance.

1.Identifying The Barriers:

Girls’ education is very important for the development of our society. Every educated girl not only makes the family educated and financially strong but also has the power to change the mindset of the society.

But due to some narrow social and cultural values, girls do not get as much freedom as they want. When girls want to go out, society or family puts a lot of obstacles on them.

Girls’ education is not just about attracting girls to school, it is about acquiring the knowledge and skills to compete in society, acquiring the social, emotional and life skills that are necessary to adapt to the changing world . Which helps them make decisions about their lives and contribute to their communities.

According to studies, educating girls reduces poverty and violence, prevents child marriage, and creates a healthier, wealthier, and more equitable society. If this is true, then why is society erecting such complex barriers for girls to be able to do this, from social norms to geographical norms? Are they not able to unleash their potential and take significant steps towards ending extreme poverty?

Girls encounter numerous obstacles in their pursuit of an education. Child marriage, poverty, and inadequate school infrastructure are just a few of the obstacles preventing females from attending education and realizing their potential.

There are numerous challenges for girls in the field of education. Several barriers, including inadequate school infrastructure, child marriage, and poverty, hinder females from attending school and realizing their aspirations.

1.1 Social & Cultural Barriers –


When females wish to advocate for themselves in our culture, they have to overcome numerous challenges. Girls face a lot of social pressure to pursue their educational goals.

Girls have to face gender discrimination in our society. Society gives more importance to boys than girls. Boys can freely go out of their house for anything, but girls have to do the main household chores even before going to school like fetching water, cooking, taking care of small children, cleaning and many more.

Child marriage has become a serious challenge towards girls’ education. In many cultures, girls are married at an early age. And after marriage, instead of focusing on education, taking care of the family is considered the ultimate goal.

Girls who marry early are forced to drop out of school and complete fewer years of school than their friends who marry later. According to the report of WHO, more than 41000 girls under the age of 18 are getting married every day.

Girls face early pregnancy and violence from their partners. This affects the health and abilities of their children.
Socio-cultural values ​​influencing girls’ education include lifestyle, shopping habits, education, religion, beliefs, values, demography, social class, sexuality and attitudes.

1.2 Economic Barriers —


Economic barriers are also considered one of the biggest barriers to girls’ education. When a family is facing poverty, basic needs like water, food and basic health come first rather than providing education for their children, especially their girls.

According to statistics, on an average, 55% of women in low and middle income families can achieve education.

Girls are compelled to leave school in order to work and provide financial assistance for their families because of poverty.

Spending money on school is something that many families would rather do for their sons than for their daughters.

1.3 Concerns About Safety and Security:

When it comes to girls’ education, safety is a major worry.
When it comes to girls, parents worry a great deal about their safety before letting them go.
Girls are 2.5 times more likely than males to miss school in FCV (fragility, conflict, and violence) countries.

Girls’ access to education is increasingly being hampered by a lack of safe transportation options and travel-related safety concerns.

Parents frequently dissuade girls from traveling large distances for school because they are worried about their safety.

The most recent statistics shows that 246 million children suffer violence in and around schools annually, and around 60 million girls are sexually raped while traveling to or from school.

1.4. Lack Of Infrastructure :-


Lack of necessary infrastructure, shortage of teachers and low quality education are causing girls to drop out of school.
Facilities like water, toilet, cleanliness, hygiene are the basic things which a girl needs the most.
Due to lack of all these essential things, girls shy away from going to school or are forced to leave school and their education.

2.Empowering Solutions


2.1 Investing In School Infrastructure And Resources –

The most crucial elements of school infrastructure include raising the standard of instruction for female students, enhancing the building’s infrastructure, hiring certified instructors, and providing classrooms, playgrounds, libraries, restrooms, and drinking water.
Effective infrastructure raises student performance, lowers school dropout rates, and improves education overall. Girls have the right to clean toilets, sanitary facilities, menstrual protection items etc. By providing all these facilities, the proportion of girls receiving education can be improved.

2.2 Providing Scholarships And Financial Aid –


Poverty is a serious concern for girls’ education. Girls’ chances of attending school can be increased by providing adequate financial facilities and educational expenditure.
Some other solutions include providing financial assistance, such as scholarship or cash transfer programs, reducing or eliminating school fees, etc.
The targeted poverty alleviation initiative will help families who struggle to afford school fees, uniforms and other educational expenses to send their girls to school.

2.3 Enforcement Of Laws For Girls’ Child Safety –


According to UNICEF report , 80% of child marriages can fall down if higher education is provided to girls . Often, early marriage results in untimely end of girls’ education. By implementing the govt has secured early marriage of children.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development also implemented various special laws for the protection of women like-

  • Domestic violence Act ,2005,
  • Child Marriage Act 2006 ,
  • Dowry provision Act, 1961,
  • Indecent Representation of Women ( Prohibition) Act, 1986,
  • The commission for protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 and
  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offence Act ,2012. etc .

2.4 Promoting STEM Education And Career Opportunities –


The barriers to girls’ education can be lifted with the support of government initiatives pertaining to STEM education and girls’ education.
STEM is an acronym for Mathematics, Science, Technology, and Engineering. It has the capacity to dismantle the societal barriers and challenges that the majority of females deal with on a daily basis.
Providing opportunities for girls to explore and excel in STEM subjects will help them become confident and understand their potential and develop strong self-belief.
IBM has taken the initiative to provide this benefit to girls. Through scholarships, career counseling and creating learning experiences.
It provides some opportunities and skills, so that girls can better themselves:-

  • Arranging talks or seminars with successful women.
  • It offers a workshop on Biological Sciences to girl students at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
  • It offers scholarships worth $18600 to 284 girls and 147 boys.
  • They provide interactive learning for teachers.
  • Provide research based on experimental studies.
  • Promote careers based on STEM subjects.
  • It provides career awareness, gender awareness and self-awareness programs especially for girls. etc.
  • Arranging interaction or seminars with successful women .
  • It provides girls students a workshop on biological science at Indian Institute of Science , Bangalor
  • It provides $ 18600 scholarships to 284 girls and 147 boys.
  • They provide interactive learning for teachers .
  • Provide research based on experimental studies .
  • Boost career based on STEM subjects.
  • It provides career awareness , gender awareness and self-awareness programs, especially for girls . etc.

The govt has also taken the initiative and brought law to improve girl’s education like:-

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme .
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidhyalaya scheme .
  • Sukanya Samridhi Yojna
  • National Means -Cum- Merit Scholarship Scheme . Etc.

Equal Opportunities For Education For The Underprivileged

The Preamble of the Indian Constitution emphasizes equality of status and opportunity. Equal opportunities for education for the underprivileged enable them to use education as a lever for the improvement of their socio-economic condition. For these children to break free from the shackles of poverty, education is very important.

Kothari Commission makes the following observation about the importance of equality in education and educational opportunities:

  •  It is essential for the establishment of an equal society.
  • It is needed for the success of democracy.
  •  It is needed to ensure the social and economic development of our country.
  • Identifying talents is essential in various fields.
  •  It is needed to develop human resources and to meet the manpower needs of our country. 
  •  It is crucial in promoting social justice.
  •  It is necessary to minimize the educational gap between the privileged and the underprivileged.

By providing literacy and skills, they hope to enable children to gain employment and bring financial relief to their families. The goal of education is to bring equality and give all people the opportunity to succeed.

But our country’s changing socio-economic conditions make this a distant dream. To grow as an individual and a nation, excellent skills and knowledge are essential.

Nelson Mandela has rightly said:

“Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world”.

The present education system, however, has not led to the development of the country as a whole. Merely pursuing a graduate degree won’t open up job opportunities as a postgraduate degree would do. The underprivileged who lack resources are often left out in this race and are unable to pursue their desired goals.